• +Office: 1.919.200.0292
  • info@antennatestlab.com

Example 8: Triple Feed Patch Array Circularly Polarized Antenna

Here are vector gain test results of Maarten Baert’s latest circularly polarized 5.8 GHz antenna. There are two versions covered here: a CP Triple Feed (single) Patch and a Triple Feed Patch Array.

First the Triple Feed Patch. The designer’s vision is:

The (center) patch has three feed pins that are fed with a 0°, 120° and 240° signal. All other circularly polarized patch designs that I’m aware of either use a single feed pin and an asymmetric patch to create circular polarization, or they use two feed pins that are 90° out of phase. Both methods introduce asymmetry in the radiation pattern, whereas the three-phase feed method doesn’t. That’s why we chose that name.

Secondly, the circular array of patches. The designer’s vision is:

It’s an unusual array design, the patches have different shapes and only the one in the center is fed. The other ones are weakly coupled with the center patch as well as each other in order to make them resonate in phase with the center patch. The goal was to minimize FR4 losses by keeping the feed lines very short, while also keeping the amplitude of the center patch somewhat higher than the surrounding patches in order to reduce sidelobes. The resulting radiation pattern has a lower peak gain (about 15 dB instead of the theoretical 17.5 dB), but the main lobe is a lot wider and contains more energy overall (since less energy is lost in sidelobes).

The test results show that the design is sound and Maarten Baert has met his design goals.

The Triple Feed Patch: Gain is +9.3 dBi with an axial ratio of 0.5 dB. Radiation efficiency is approximately 75% (from an average gain of -1.5 dBi).

The Triple Feed Patch Array: Gain is +14 dBi with an axial ratio of 0.5 dB. Radiation efficiency is approximately 75% (from an average gain of -1.5 dBi).

Both antennas are excellent performers and are innovatively designed, especially considering they operate at 5.8 GHz on inexpensive FR4 PCB.

These are our 5-degree resolution spherical patterns, and each antenna has over 1.2 million gain measurements! Results spreadsheets can be downloaded with these links:

All of the 3D plot-files are available in this ZIP archive, and can be plotted on your desktop with this software link.

Photo Gallery And Graphs From The Triple Feed Patch Testing

Photo Gallery And Graphs From The Triple Feed Patch Array Testing

Date 14 Apr, 2018

Categories 3D Spherical Patterns, ALL Antennas, Circularly Polarized, Microwave, PCB

con-Antenna-Test-Lab-Triple-Feed-Patch-Array-With-LHCP-RHCP-Ports

Our Other Example Projects

Check out the wide variety of example antennas !